Saltwater fishing tackle used by land anglers typically consists of three basic components: bait, hook, and weight. The type of use and the arrangement vary depending on the location (beach, pier, rocks) and the conditions (current, tides, waves). When assembling your saltwater fishing gear, consider where the best presentation of the bait will be.
1. Bottom fishing
For example, bottom fishing rigs can be a good starting point for fishing more sandy areas. Choose a weight that is just heavy enough to anchor the bait. The type of weight or sinkers can also affect how stationary the bait stays. Some anglers prefer bell-shaped or bomb-shaped anchors attached to a triple swivel with a piece of shrimp or squid attached to a hook a few feet of string at the remaining pivot end. You may also want to experiment with a version of the drop shot for your saltwater fishing tackle. Here the weight is the end part of the rig with the hook tied higher to hang the bait directly on the ground.
2. Rigs with floats or bobbers
If the fish are hung up or the bottom is rocky and easy to get caught with saltwater fishing gear, consider using floats or bobbers. Then the trick is to adjust the depth of the bait until it reaches actively feeding fish. This is great for shorter casts when fishing from a pier or long jetty. However, if longer throws are required, construct this rig with a slip bobber. When the bait, weight, and bobber are closer together, longer casts are less of a hassle. A small piece of string, usually tied to the line, will stop the bobber at the desired depth.
3. Combination of bottom and float rigs
I have also fished rocky areas that required a combination of bottom and swim saltwater fishing gear. Here a small swimmer, which cannot get caught, sinks below the surface. While it is no longer used to alert the angler of a bite, it helps to keep the line at an angle that will reduce nicks or boulders while still presenting bait on the bottom.
Experiment with components and leader lengths until you find the best saltwater fishing tackle for your scenario. And if you keep it simple, it becomes less expensive when rigs are lost. Also visit the local tackle shore. Not only are they happy to offer helpful rig suggestions, but they also generally have the sizes and styles of gear required for the region. And as always, consider using a circle hook when baiting saltwater fishing, especially if catching and releasing is the goal.